Plant Safety Checklist and Treatment Guidelines

Treatment Guidelines

Follow these steps if someone is exposed to a poisonous plant

MOUTH

  • Remove any remaining portion of the plant, berry or mushroom.
  • Gently wipe mouth with a wet cloth.
  • Check for any irritation, swelling, or discoloration.
  • Give one glass of water to drink, provided victim is conscious and able to swallow.
  • Call your local poison control center for further treatment instructions.

SKIN

  • A few plants may cause local irritation, itching and / or a rash to the skin.   To prevent further irritation, remove contaminated clothing and wash skin well with soap and water.  Call your local poison control center for further treatment instructions.

EYES

  • Wash hands with soap and water to avoid further irritation to the eye.
  • Rinse eye well with lukewarm tap water for 10-15 minutes.  Gently pour water from a clean container held 2-4 inches away the eye.  Call your local poison control center for further treatment instructions.

AFTER FOLLOWING THE ABOVE STEPS, ALWAYS CALL THE POISON CONTROL CENTER.  DO NOT WAIT FOR SYMPTOMS TO APPEAR.


Guide to Plants / List of Plants

To prevent a plant poisoning

  • Keep all houseplants out of young children’s reach.
  • Know the names of all your plants, both indoors and outdoors.  Label each of your plants with the correct botanical name.
  • Mushrooms and berries are particularly attractive to young children. Teach your children never to put mushrooms, berries, or any part of a plant including leaves, flowers, stems, bulbs, or seeds in their mouths.
  • Mushrooms are especially abundant after a rainfall.  Remove mushrooms from your yard and dispose of properly after each rainfall.
  • Do not assume a plant is not poisonous because birds or wildlife eat it.
  • Do not rely on cooking to destroy toxic chemicals in plants.
  • Never use anything prepared from nature as a medicine or tea.
  • If you suspect a poisoning, call your local poison control center immediately.  Poison information specialists are available seven days a week, 24 hours a day.  Do not wait for symptoms to appear; symptoms may often be delayed.
A word about pets….

 

Young children are not the only ones who like plants!  Pets, especially cats and dogs, also frequently ingest plants.  In fact, of all the pet related called received by the Minnesota Poison Control System, about 20 percent involve a plant.

If a plant is known to be poisonous to humans, it’s a safe bet it can also be harmful to your pet.  On the other hand, because a plant is listed as nontoxic, does not mean it will not have any ill effects on animals.  Nontoxic plants can often cause vomiting and other related symptoms in dogs and especially cats.  Do not hesitate to call your local poison control center if you suspect your pet may have ingested a toxic plant.  

 

List of Plants

NONTOXIC
(SAFE, NOT POISONOUS)

The following plants are considered to be non-toxic.  However, any plant may cause unexpected reactions in certain individuals, including choking.  Always check with your local poison control center if a plant has been ingested.
CAUTION
(MILDLY TOXIC)

The following plants may be mildly toxic or may easily be confused with toxic plants.  However, since they are only mildly poisonous, they can be kept around children with some precautions.  We recommend calling your local poison control center if a child or animal consumes a portion of any of the following plants.
TOXIC
(DANGEROUS, POISONOUS)
The Following plants are considered toxic.  If any portion of the following plants is ingested, call your local poison control center or take your child to an emergency room IMMEDIATELY.
 


Abelia
African Daisy
African Violet
Aglaonema
Airplane Plant
Alpine Currant
Aluminum Plant
Alyssum
Anthericum
Anthurium
Aralia
Areca Palm
Ash Tree
Aspidstra
Aster
Astilbe
Baby’s Breath
Baby’s Tears
Baby’s Toes
Bachelor’s Buttons
Balsam
Basket Vine
Bleeding Heart Vine
Blood Leaf Plant
Boston Fern
Bromelia
Bromeliad
Calathea argyraea
Calico Hearts
Calla Lily
Camellia
Carrion Flower
Cattail
Cattleya
China Doll
Chinese Evergreen
Christmas Cactus
Coleus
Columbine
Coral Bells
Cordyline
Corn
Corn Plant
Creeping Charlie
Crocus (spring)
Croton
Dahlia
Dandelion
Dracaena
Dragon Tree
Easter Cactus
Easter Lily
Easter Lily Cactus
Elm Tree
Eugenia
False Solomon’s Seal
Fatsia
Feltbush
Ferns
Ficus benjamina
Fig Tree
Fittonia
Forsythia
Friendship Plant
Fuchsia
Gardenia
Garlic
Gloxinia
Golddust Plant
Goldfish Plant
Grape Ivy
Hawaiian Ti Plant
Hibiscus
Honey Locust
Hosta
Hoya
Impatiens
Jacob’s Ladder
Jade Plant
Japanese Aralia
Kalanchoe
Lilac
Linden Tree
Lipstick Plant
Maidenhair Fern
Magnolia
Maple Trees
Marigolds
Maternity Plant
Mock Orange
Mountain Ash
Natal Plum
Neanthebella
Nerve Plant
Norfolk Island Pine
Onion
Palms
Panda Plant
Passion Vine
Peacock Plant
Pellionia
Pepperomia
Petunia
Phlox
Piggyback Plant
Pilea
Pine Trees
Pluch Plant
Polka Dot Plant
Potentila
Powder Puff
Prayer Platn
Pregnant Plant
Propeller Plant
Purple Passion
Queen’s Tears
Rabbit’s Foot
Rainbow Plant
Rosary Vine
Rubber Plant
Salvia
Sansevieria
Schefflera
Seersucker Platn
Sensitive Plant
Silk Tree
Silver Dollar Plant
Silver Evergreen
Silver Poplar
Sinningia
Snake Plant
Spirea
Spruce
Staghorn Fern
Starfish Flower
Streptocarpus
String of Buttons
Striped Inch Plant
Sumac
Sweat Plant
Swedish Ivy
Sword Fern
Teddy Bear Plant
Umbrell;a Tree
Velvet Plant
Venus Fly Trap
Viburnum
Vriesea
Wandering Jew
Wax Plant
Willow
Yucca
Zebra Plant
Zinnia

 

 


Aloe Vera
Araucaria
American Ivy
Angel’s WIngs
Apple
Apricot
Arrowhead
Asparagus Fern
Avocado
Begonia
Birch Trees
Black Walnut
Bleeding Heart
Boston Ivy
Bougainvillea
Burro Tail
Cactus
Caladium
Calla Lily
Carnation
Carron (greens)
Century Plant
Chenille Plant
Cherries
Chrysanthemum
Clivia
Cotoneaster
Crab Apple
Daisy
Devil’s Ivy
Dieffenbachia
Dogwood
Donkey Tail
Dutchman’s Pipe
Elephants’s Ear
Engleman Ivy
English Ivy
Eucalyptus
Five-Leafed Ivy
Geranium
Gladiola
Hens & Chicks
Honeysuckle
Iris
Ivy
Jonquil
Juniper
Lamb’s Tail
Mexican Snowball
Mother-in-law Plant
Narcissus
Nephthytis
Oak Trees
Oxalis
Painted Lady
Pansy
Peace Lily
Peach
Philodendron
Poinsettia
Potato leaves
Pothos
Rhubarb leaves
Rose
Sand Begonia
Scindapsus
Sedum
Shamrock Plant
Spathe Flower
Spathiphyllum
Sprengeri Fern
Sweet Pea
Tomato leaves
Tulip
Violets
Virginia Creeper
Woodbine

 


Alder Buckthorn
Amaryllis
Anemone
Angel’s Trumpet
Arborvitae
Azalea
Baneberry
Barberry
Bird of Paradise
Bittersweet
Black Locust
Buckeye
Buckthorn
Buttercups
Calico Bush
Castor Bean
Chinese Lantern
Christmas Rose
Clematis
Crocus (autumn)
Croton
Crown of Thorns
Crown Vetch
Cyclamen
Daphne
Delphinium
Elderberry
Euonymus
Fluffy Ruffles
Four O’Clock
Fox Glove
Ginko
Hawaiian Baby Wood Rose
hedge Apples
Hemlock
Hogwort
Holly
Hyacinth
Hydrangea
Jack in the pulpit
Japanese Yew
Jequirity Bean
Jerusalem Chery
Jimson Weed
Lanatana
Larkspur
Lily of the Valley
Lobelia
Loco Weed
Marijuana
Marsh Marigold
May Apple
Milkweed
Mistletoe
Moonseed
Monkshood
Morning Glory
Mountain Laurel
Mushrooms
Nightshade
Oleander
Paradise Plant
Parsnip
Peony
Periwinkle
Peyote
Poison Ivy
Poison Sumac
Pokeweed
Poppies
Primrose
Ranunculus
Rhodedendron
Rosary Peas
Snow on the Mountain
Soloman’s Seal
Star of Bethlehem
String of Beads
Toadstools
Tobacco
Trumpet Plant
Vinca
Water Hemlock
Wild Parsnip
Wisteria
Yew

 

 

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